Hue Citadel – Dai Viet ancient capital
Coming to Hue, it is such a pity if visitors do not visit Hue Citadel – the ancient capital of Dai Viet.
Hue Citadel was built under the reign of King Gia Long and Minh Mang, located in the North of Huong River. It is a unique combination between the principles of traditional Vietnamese architecture, Eastern philosophical ideology with the five elements of yin and yang theory and features influencing by Western military architecture.
Hue Citedal was built by King Gia Long in 1805 and continued to complete by King Minh Mang in 1832. At that time, the Nguyen dynasty built a few citadels, palaces and works of Royal. Over nearly 200 years, the city is still almost intact with nearly 140 large and small construction works.
The citadel is square with a circumference of 10km, height of 6.6m, and thickness of 21m, including 10 doors to access. Right on the Citedal, there are set up 24 fortresses for defense. There is also an auxiliary door to Tran Binh Dai called Thai Binh Mon.
Hoang Thanh (Dai Noi): Located in the middle of the capital is the place where the highest organs of the monarchy are located. Furthermore, it is the place of worship for the deceased kings. Hoang Thanh has a space of nearly square, each surface is about 600m, built of brick, 4m high, 1 m thick, surrounded by a protective moat, with 4 doors to separate Ngo Mon Gate just for the king to go. Dai Noi includes more than 100 beautiful architectural works divided into many areas:
From Ngo Mon Gate to Thai Hoa Palace: the place where great royal ceremonies are celebrated.
Trieu Mieu. Thai Mieu. Hung Mieu, The Mieu and Dien Phùng Tiên: A place of worship for kings of the Nguyen Dynasty.
Palace of the Interior: a warehouse for treasures, a workshop for making royal items.
Co Ha Garden and Kham Van Palace: where princes study and play.
Forbidden City: is the citadel located in Hoang Thanh right behind Thai Hoa Palace. The Forbidden City is dedicated to the king and his family. The Forbidden City was built in 1804. The citadel is 3.72m high, built of brick, 0.72m thick, and has a circumference of about 1,230m. It includes nearly 50 large and small structures and has 7 doors. Dai Cung Mon is the main door which is only for the king to enter.